Sub-Saharan Africa » Tanzania

D4D Dar es Salaam Propositive Analysis
  Dar es Salaam urban metropolis master plan metro matrix mental map
  Dar es Salaam is a city with very serious problems of metropolitan coordination. Urban plans such as the introduction of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) or the formalization of a Master Plan do not adequately confront the metropolitan problems of Dar es Salaam. They are, however, good elements to be integrated in an effective Metropolitan strategy. Even a New Town approach, a social failure in many other places, could be at stake if only to serve as an escape route from the metropolitan chaos, for those who can afford it.
The metropolitan strategy in Dar is simple and clear: 1) Use of the existing asset of the rail tracks to produce a Mass Public Transport that would vertebrate the metropolitan structure. 2) Create centralities along that transport infrastructure. 3) Create facilities to serve those centralities. 4) Plan a road network (programming will come later) that uses the parallel natural features of the coastline and its inland gradients, as well as the perpendicular connections. 5) Open up new settlement potential along this structure and 6) Regenerate the slum conditions of the housing stock.
 
Dar Smart: the city-territory towards a new dimension.
 
  The research of this paper presented to the AESOP Annual Congress 2012 focuses on how cities balance both macro/micro-economic factors and their spatial structure according to cultural factors: the underlying form of residential/public areas and landscapes. It discusses the relation between new settlement, activity and space and it risen from the way different cultures and their activities require diverse demands on movement, new settlement of formality, gradients and co-presence. Finally we have to determine both the way how patterns of infrastructure/space integration influence the location of different settlements, classes and social groups in the city and how is possible to solve the pathology of housing and public realm estates. The spatial form needs to be understood as a contributing factor in forming the patterns of sustainable urban metabolism, integration or segregation in the city. The starting point of this work comes out from the necessity of defining the contemporary city within its territory, through a clarification of a new scale of intervention. The framework of our research coincides with the formal and structural dimensioning of the city territory. The need for a cultural "jump" is necessary in order to identify a range of elements and relations in the urban context, rather then simply upgrade the instruments of intervention and investigation. This means a better definition of the structural pattern and spine of this reality, so as to show the discontinuity occurring in the urban development and in the cultural awareness of such phenomena.
 
MSLab, Massimo Della Rosa within Pedro B. Ortiz. “AFRICA: FROM SHOULD TO COULD”
  Dar es Salaam Massimo de la Rosa Metro Matrix strategic plan urban Design Architecture development
  The parametric digital design approach as a new matrix for the project. New model of planning practice required addressing the increase in migrations. How to integrate informal mechanisms into the urban management of the African culture (The uncontrolled independence of Peter Pan’s shadow)

The following experimental project, applied to the city of Dar es Salaam -Tanzania-, is part of the research activity of MSLab and results from the document of strategic modeling proposed by Pedro Ortiz; the project, last of the proposals within the Tanzanian context, doesn’t directly focus on the design of the BUD, but rather, through a specific analysis of the existing environment, aims at suggesting new ways to contextualize the interventions at metropolitan scale within informal tissues.

The Methodological proposal /*
In order to solve the line of demarcation between formal and informal, and equip it with services able to support and connect the two Domains, is here proposed a method of reading and interpretation of the existing environment, based on the Italian Morpho-Typological tradition: through this, it then could be possible to highlight the Systems that structure the Territory, able to behave as design tools, -which come from- the interpretation of the” typological process” that takes place as the result of spontaneous-consciousness

Architecture is the reaction of a “Need of Form” able to respond to a specific necessity; in other words, it is able to convert into a shape the need of a Place where to run a specific activity.