East Asia & Pacific » China

Beijing-Hebei-Tianjin Megapolitan Metro-Matrix
  Pedro B. Ortiz Beijing Hebei Tianjin Metropolitan Megalopolis Urban Metro Matrix
  The 216,000 square kilometre region surrounding the capital is home to more than 100 million people and has a combined gross domestic product of more than 6 trillion yuan (HK$7.6 trillion), making it the country's third main economic engine after the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta.
Urbanisation of the Jing-Jin-Ji region has been a goal since the 1980s, but conflicting interests have stalled progress. Just why Xi is pushing the plan now is the subject of much analysis and conjecture. The first reason put forward by analysts is that the new leadership had to find a solution to the "urban diseases" afflicting Beijing and Tianjin - hellish traffic jams and chronic air pollution arising from their rapid population growth.
The metropolises, two of the country's four most important cities directly under central government control, realised they could not tackle these problems without the cooperation of Hebei. Another reason is that the central government is trying to restructure the economy away from its decades-old growth model that is heavily dependent on capital investment and export-oriented manufacturing. That model is increasingly unstable, and the economy is in desperate need of new momentum. Finally, it is also possible that it is a tactic to end the inefficiency of neighboring localities as they compete for similar businesses. (Additional reporting by Victoria Ruan)
Metro-Matrix provides the answer
 
Tongzhou as part of the Beijing Metro-Matrix
  Pedro B. Ortiz China Metro Matrix metropolitan plan beijing tongzhou urban transport
  East city of 1.5 million inhabitants east of Beijing within the metropolitan area.
This is how the huge Beijing Metro-Matrix (250 million inhabitants) works wehn we zoom into one specific area. In this case Tongzhou.
 
China Challenge resolution: Chengdu example
  Pedro B. Ortiz Ian Johnson New York Times China Chengdu Metro Matrix metropolitan structure
  China confronts a huge challenge. In the next 20 years, 250 million people will move into towns. That's a rate of 1 million people a month, 30,000 each day. China needs to build a city of 30,000 inhabitants, 12,000 homes, each and every day for the next 20 years, or even longer.

Is China doing it right? It doesn't look that way. They are simply copying western mistakes in urban planning and expanding them.

Ian Johnson's article in the New York Times (November 9, 2013) is a good example of these mistakes. China is reproducing the post war Euro-American banlieus from which came a specific social-neurosis disease: The ‘Sarcellite’ (Paris suburban new-town Sarcelles)

A radically different approach is required: an approach of their own; Sowed from their past and projected into the future. Chengdu is a good example of the Metro-Matrix approach to a China city and to its explosive development: It's a way to have economic efficiency, social equality and environmentally sustainable development for the future.

Just out of The Art of Shaping the Metropolis, McGraw Hill. China Authorities could make good use of it.
 
SHENZHEN QINGSHUIHE
  Shenzhen Pearl River Delta Metro Matrix strategic Plan Lang Tian
  160609 MSLab, Lang Tian
within Alessandro Frigerio and Pedro B. Ortiz,
Access to Urbanity: Designing the City as a Resource
 
The New York Times 9 Nov 2013: China's failure, Ian Johnson
  Pedro B. Ortiz China urban failure and metro matrix challenge
  LEAVING THE LAND
New China Cities: Shoddy Homes, Broken Hope
Dissatisfaction and Dysfunction in a Model for China’s Urbanization:
As China pushes ahead with government-led urbanization, Huaming might be an example of another transformation: the ghettoization of China’s new towns.

By IAN JOHNSON
Published: November 9, 2013
 
Mac Shanghai
  Shanghai Metro Matrix metropolitan strategic structural urban plan
  Will Shanghai be a world capital? Only 5 metropolises are world capitals. New York, London, Paris, Frankfurt and Tokyo.

Tokyo is loosing ground and the prospects of Japan are doomed. China will take over. Already has. But is takes time to shift power markets and neither Beijing nor Shanghai have yet overpassed Tokyo. They will.

The issue is which of the two Chinese cities will be the economic leading capital. Shanghai looks like the economic force but we must not forget that China is a centralized country and not only within the single-party communist regime, but throughout history. The Imperial system, based on Lao-Tzu and Kong-Fu philosophical approaches are rather more into the Roman Law Neo-Platonism system than the Common Law Empirical one. In that philosophical/Governance system political and economic power are territorially linked rather than delocated.

This feature will concentrate in Beijing political and economic power.
Never the less Shanghai has to play its cards, and Shanghai cannot play its cards if it doesn't’t have a good hand. A decongested metropolis is a must, and a Metro-Matrix approach the requirement fro Shanghai to perform and meet its future.